The incidence of diagnosed autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland in the last decades has sharply increased. This is largely due to greater awareness of the population and access to laboratory tests. Statistically more common these diseases are registered in women, but that does not mean that men are not observed. One of the most common autoimmune thyroid disease Hashimoto’s thyroid. It is the leading cause of hypothyroidism worldwide.
Symptoms of underactive thyroid gland are varied: fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, brittle nails, hair loss, hoarse voice, slowed reflexes, decreased ability to concentrate, memory impairment, swelling of tissues, etc.
These signs can direct our course and to other diseases or fatigue, but you should always think about the disorder in the thyroid gland. In men, besides the common symptoms of thyroid function can affect fertility and erectile function.
In world literature there are publications pro- and counter this hypothesis. Evidence that the thyroid influences male fertility come from numerous studies made on patients. Have been identified receptors for thyroid hormones on the Sertoli cell in the testes, which leads to the conclusion that thyroid hormones influence on spermatogenesis and male fertility.
It is observed that in men with primary hypothyroidism there is abnormal morphology and reduced motility of sperm.
To discuss replacement therapy tireoidnin hormones pregnant. They are necessary for normal fetal development. It was found that low levels of thyroid hormones in the mother during pregnancy can also affect the future development of the testes and fertility of the man.
One consequence of hypothyroidism is to increase serum prolactin – pituitary hormone which, when raised can affect testosterone levels, which result in a negative effect on spermatogenesis including reduced sperm counts. This affects libido and potency.