Should not be overlooked and subclinical hypothyroidism. This is a condition characterized by mild to moderately elevated TSH with normal FT4 and FT3. The frequency is 1 to 10% in the adult population, but is more common in women.
The most common cause of hypothyroidism is subclinical autoimmune thyroiditis, in which 3-20% of the cases progress to clinical hypothyroidism. Usually there are no clinical symptoms, was found accidentally in screening in TSH. This condition is a risk factor for atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disorder in which subsequently may also result in a breach to erectile function.
Treatment of hypothyroidism, can be achieved by replacement with levothyroxine, which achieves the effect of the action of the natural hormone. Often the question arises whether replacement therapy have negative effects on fertility in women and men. It could say that there is currently no scientific evidence for such adverse effects, on the contrary, to achieve a normal hormone levels achieved an improvement in the general condition of patients.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of overactive thyroid gland. Typical are the symptoms such as palpitations, hot flushes, moist skin, nervous, weight loss, insomnia. Men may have an effect on sperm podvizhnosta and this affects fertility. Hyperthyroidism be thyrostatic therapy and treated on the recommendations of international organizations Endocrinology and tireoidologiya.
In case of reproductive problems and recommended both partners be tested and the presence of the above described complaints must be investigated and the thyroid gland. When symptoms develop slowly, patients are willing to ignore complaints and postpone research. That’s why very often detect these problems when couples decide to start a family.
In the global medical and patient literature enormously materials published on the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and female reproductive health. Not less, however, and studies of this relationship and men. Nevertheless However, the violations in thyroid function should be treated promptly and followed up as thyroid hormones affect many important body functions.