Causes of infertility in women and men

In recent decades increasingly paying attention to infertility – a situation in which couples of reproductive age in spite of having unsuccessful attempts to become pregnant. Causes of infertility in women and men are very diverse.

Reproductive problems and erectile dysfunction in men can result from: anatomical disorders, vascular disorders, neurogenic, iatrogenic causes (after surgery, medication, etc.), psychogenic factors, not least endocrine disorders.

From endocrinological diseases that can lead to a breach in the reproductive function important hyper- and hypothyroidism imat-, obesity, diabetes, hypogonadism, hyperprolactinemia and the like.

Very popular is the theme of dysfunction, particularly thyroid disease. Violations in thyroid function can occur in two directions – increased (hyperthyroidism) and reduced (hypothyroidism) thyroid gland. They occur with different clinical manifestations depending on the individual condition and stage of the disease.

Thyroid diseases should diagnose complex, namely: history, family history, laboratory and ultrasound studies and possibly at regular intake of medications, depending on what they are and have an impact on the thyroid gland. Must examine these hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone (TLC), which is produced by the anterior pituitary and stimulates share thyroid hormones itself thyroid triiodothyronine -T3 and tetrayodtironin-T4. A laboratory values ​​depend on the various laboratories and are called “benchmarks”. Due to the high incidence of autoimmunity, depending on the results of hormonal indicators and ultrasound changes in the gland, further explore and immunological markeri- TAT, MAT and others.

Hipotioreoidizmat is a condition characterized by decreased secretion of thyroid hormones in the thyroid. It may be due to the following reasons: Primary hypothyroidism, to which they relate – Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, post-operative, medicated thyroiditis, etc .; Secondary and tertiary hypothyroidism – which are due to diseases of the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus, as well as in some cases of congenital resistance to thyroid hormone.